Pitigliano, a Tuscan city built of tuff
Pitigliano, like Orvieto, is an ancient Etruscan city, – one of those cities that are built on a mountain or a high of tuff. Tuff is a volcanic material as many Danish Romanesque churches are built by.
Tuff is easy to process. You can make “stone” or cut it out for housing or for example cemetaries. One of the most picturesque small towns, just west of Orvieto, is Pitigliano, located high up and well protected against enemies. Today the city is known for its old Jewish ghetto, which occurred for 400 to 500 years ago when the Pope called the Jews in the ban and they therefore needed a sanctuary north of Rome. An entire community grew up around the synagogue in Pitigliano, including caves with slaughterhouses, bakeries etc carved out of the synagogue.
Today people in Pitigliano are reminded the move in time. There are guarding armed military 24/7 for fear of terror – even here in this rather sleepy town far away from the popular tourist destinations.
West of the town there are hot springs where you can have a sulphur stinking hot bath at 38ºC that should be very healthy. It is far removed from the beaten track in Saturnia where there is not so far to the center of the earth as elsewhere.